The Amazon region covers about seven million square kilometers of dense vegetation. This forest, located in northern South America, is spread through the territories of Colombia, Brazil, Peru, Venezuela and a small area in Ecuador.
The Amazon River, the second longest in the world at 6,275 kilometers, it is born in the Andes, more specifically on the slopes of Nevado Mismi (located north of Arequipa, Peru) at 5,600 meters high and receives water from hundreds of sources.
The opening in the state of Pará, in northern Brazil, is a large estuary 240 km wide.
The rainfall, with an annual average of between 2,000 mm and 3,000 mm, make between the two sides a distance of up to 10 kilometers at the time of low water, this distance is multiplied by five with the arrival of rains. The Amazon has a major natural reserves, biodiversity makes it the largest ecosystem in the world. Its climate is ideal for the 60,000 rain forest tree species found, including plants that can exceed 100 meters.
As for the fauna, is home to hundreds of species of mammals, nothing comparable to the 1,500 different birds and fish, or two million different species of insects.
Still there are a large number of reptiles, amphibians, and microorganisms to classify.
Between 31 and 141 million liters of water run per second at its mouth and three million tonnes of sediment each day as well.
320 km offshore, traces of the Amazon River can still be found.